She pioneered the field of molecular virology with her meticulous lab work and “green thumb” for tissue culture.
Fossilized footprints at a site in Spain include those of an extinct elephant’s newborns, suggesting the animals may have used the area as a nursery.
African cave finds include remains of skinned creatures and hide scrapers made from animal ribs.
For over a decade, behavioral ecologist Diane Colombelli-Négrel and colleagues have been studying how birds perceive sounds before hatching.
Recent devastating wildfires in Australia added vast amounts of carbon dioxide to the air and triggered blooms of marine algae in the Southern Ocean.
Paleoanthropologists have sketched a rough timeline of how human evolution played out, centering the early action in Africa.
About a dozen calves have been trained to pee in a stall. Toilet training cows on a large scale could cut down on pollution, researchers say.
In “Fuzz: When Nature Breaks the Law,” author Mary Roach profiles mugging monkeys, thieving bears and other animal outlaws.
Trained on sea ice observations and climate simulations, IceNet is 95 percent accurate in forecasting sea ice extent two months in advance.
“SN Requiem” should reappear in the 2030s and help determine the universe’s expansion rate.
The annual competition showcases otherworldly photos that capture microscopic features of nature and science.
Two tubes of stone drilled from a basalt rock nicknamed Rochette are the first from Mars slated to eventually return to Earth.
Fifty years after studies hinted that pollution interferes with how aquatic creatures communicate, scientists are still unraveling its myriad effects.
Among the smallest boas in the world, the Hispaniolan vineboa inhabits a small patch of dry forest along the Dominican Republic’s border with Haiti.
Laughter seems to change over life’s early months, perhaps influenced by the unconscious feedback parents give when they play with their little ones.
As wildfires become more frequent in the western United States, these low-rain clouds could exacerbate drought, fueling more fires.
Some small animals make cuts, tears and punctures that they couldn’t otherwise do using body parts reinforced with metals such as zinc and manganese.
Physicists have been working on ways to use the power of plasma to boost plant growth and kill pathogens.
Adding a small amount of fatty molecules to cocoa butter could simplify the labor-intensive tempering process to create melt-in-your-mouth chocolate.
The Telleriano-Remensis, a famous codex written by a pre-Hispanic civilization, describes 12 quakes that rocked the Americas from 1460 to 1542.
A lecturer was laughed at while he was trying to solve a physics question on the board. Nigerians who reacted to the video said they've witnessed such before.
A year ago, Stanford University’s citation study ranked Prof Thanu Padmanabhan as 24th in the field of theoretical physics in the world.
New technique delivers resolution improvement in ultrafast processes. An international consortium of scientists, initiated by Reinhard Kienberger, Professor of Laser and X-ray Physics at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), several years ago, has made significant measurements in the femtosec
Padmanabhan, or Paddy as he was known to his colleagues and students, went on to achieve great heights in theoretical physics, making important contributions to the fields of gravity and quantum theory, structure and formation of universe.
The offer of Kerala University vice-chancellor post might have failed to lure Thanu Padmanabhan, but he was more than willing to participate in the go
Scientists think a novel kind of 'early dark energy' might help solve the mystery of the universe's expansion! More research is needed to prove it.
The De La Salle University (DLSU) and University of the Philippines (UP) were included in the list of the world's best universities for Physical Sciences by the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2022.
Renowned theoretical physicist Thanu Padmanabhan, a distinguished professor at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), kno
Thanu Padmanabhan had tweaked Albert Einstein’s theory of gravitation to explain an all-pervasive mysterious energy in the universe
What if a bunch of liquid xenon under the Apennine Mountains found 68% of the universe?
Working with light to activate processes within genetically modified fission yeast cells is among the research performed by the experimental biologists in the Martin Lab at the University of Lausanne, ...
Excerpts from the Red Folder
A new UN analysis released Friday shows that all of the new pledges countries have made in the run-up to November’s talks, if implemented, would result in a 12 percent decrease in emissions by 2030 — well short of the 45 percent cut needed to keep the world on track to meet the most ambitious aims of the Paris agreement.
Apart from holding a faculty role at TIFR, he also served the role of a faculty member at the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge.
“Something like the diffuse glow of gamma ray background that permeates our Milky Way Galaxy could conceivably be evidence for dark matter,” researcher Mark Krumholz, a theoretical and computational astrophysicist at Australian National University, told The Daily Galaxy. Astrophysicists previously speculated that accretion disks around supermassive black holes, extremely active regions of star […]
Interferometers are widely used in various high spatial resolution imaging techniques to extend the diffraction limit. However, the conventional interferometric methods only work when the photons have ...
It's a question that has puzzled observers for centuries: do the fantastic green and crimson light displays of the aurora borealis produce any discernible sound?
The renowned theoretical physicist, who passed away in Pune on Friday, had dreamed of setting up a world-class scientific research institute in his home State Kerala, says CPI(M) Polit Bureau member and former Kerala Education Minister M.A. Baby
A large international research collaboration led by Dr. Kai-Qiang Lin and Professor John Lupton from the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg has been able to ...
Renowned physicist and professor at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Thanu Padmanabhan passed away after suffering a heart attack at his official residence in Pune on Friday
Dr. Thanu Padmanabhan dies of heart attack
A Physics teacher at Achimota Senior High School in Accra has been found hanging in his room, the Accra Regional Police Command has confirmed.
Bumps in detector could point to new physics.
India News: PUNE: Noted theoretical physicist and recipient of Padma Shri award, Professor Thanu Padmanabhan died due to cardiac arrest in Pune on Friday, a forme.
Science fiction could be once again moving into the realms of reality.
Science fiction could be once again moving into the realms of reality.
Tributes and condolences pour in from fellow colleagues, academics and science enthusiasts across the country
The device has been developed using “Triboelectric Effect” and “Electrostatic Induction”. It is called “Liquid-solid Interface Triboelectric Nanogenerator”.
Padmanabhan’s research had the Stanford University name him among the top scientists in the world, with a rank of 24.
A distinguished professor at Pune's Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics and a cosmologist, Professor Padmanabhan was selected for ‘Kerala Shastra Puraskaram’ 2021 last month.
Google has developed a discrete time crystal on a quantum computer. However, claims that it violates thermodynamics are untrue.
Prof. Chuanfeng Li and Prof. Zongquan Zhou from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) innovatively raised and realized noiseless photon echo (NLPE) protocol. The research of entire originality reduced the noise by 670 times compared with previo
A new study sheds light on motor action planning, suggesting that the brain develops a single plan of action for optimized performance.
Dark energy, a mysterious force believed to be causing the universe to expand at an accelerated rate, may have been detected by scientists for the first time.
Nature - Hints of a previously unknown, primordial form of the substance could explain why the cosmos now seems to be expanding faster than theory predicts.
He was awarded the Kerala Sastra Puraskaram, an award instituted by the Government of Kerala to honour distinguished scientists of Kerala origin,.Professor Thanu Padmanabhan. Thanu Padmanabhan passes away. Thanu Padmanabhan dies. theoretical physicist
The blinding light of quasars, which emanate from black holes, could reveal more about the relatively murky early history of our cosmos.
Detecting dark energy's "non-gravitational interactions would have a tremendous impact."
For some diseases, exposure to just a single airborne particle containing virus, bacteria or fungi can be infectious. When this happens, understanding and predicting airborne disease spread can be a whole ...
Scientists may be able to study and explore the universe like never before thanks to this clock that improves timekeeping precision by a factor of 1,000.
nuclear submarines, Joe Biden, defence pact, AUKUS, COVID, lockdown, construction sector, Tu Le, Labor, climate policy
In a tentative eureka moment, physicists from Cambride may have detected dark energy for the first time. This could be the biggest physics discovery ever!
A Stanford-led study reveals that rather than evolving gradually over hundreds of millions of years, land plants underwent major diversification in two dramatic bursts, 250 million years apart. The first ...
Inspired by a kind of tree leaf, scientists at City University of Hong Kong (CityU) discovered that the spreading direction of different liquids deposited on the same surface can be steered, solving a ...
The Paris Agreement, adopted by 196 countries in 2015, has the goal of limiting average global temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing efforts to limit it to ...
As the risk of severe climate change rises, and efforts to reduce carbon emissions ramp up, serious thought must also be given to the movement of people that climate change stands to provoke. This migration ...
Scientists have reported new clues to solving a cosmic conundrum: How the quark-gluon plasma—nature's perfect fluid—evolved into matter.
In Greek mythology, Hydra was a monstrous water serpent that lived in a swamp and terrorized nearby residents. When intrepid Hercules sliced off one of Hydra's multiple heads, two more heads grew back ...
Implanted magnets that wirelessly track changes in muscle length could enhance manipulation of prosthetic limbs
When is the harvest moon 2021? Here's the best time to see the full September moon, and why this moon is not always nicknamed the harvest moon.
Go, Dragon! Highly anticipated SpaceX landing off the coast of Florida with Inspiration4 crew will livestream on Twitter and YouTube.
The Inspiration4 crew plans a 7:06 p.m. EDT splashdown near Cape Canaveral to close out mission.
You won't need to wait until fall to see this year's harvest moon. Here's when to expect it in the skies over Swampscott.
You won't need to wait until fall to see this year's harvest moon. Here's when to expect it in the skies over Salem.
You won't need to wait until fall to see this year's harvest moon. Here's when to expect it in the skies over Beverly.
In an unprecedented mission, Inspiration4, the world’s very first all-civilian spaceflight is preparing to return to Earth on Saturday, September 18.
Tom Cruise received a preview from SpaceX's first private crew.
Jupiter is like the hockey goalie of the heavens. This week, the solar system’s largest planet stopped another large object, scientists said.
A 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding the origins of a famous supernova first spotted over China in 1181AD has finally been solved, according to an international team of astronomers. New research published today (September 15, 2021) says that a faint, fast expanding cloud (or nebula), called
Why the harvest moon is special and what other notable moons are worth looking out for
Splashdown is set for 7:06 p.m. EDT (2306 GMT).
Saturday September 18 2021 On Friday morning September 17, a loud boom was heard over the mountainous region between Eastern West Virginia and Virginia. Even th
Scientists with the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service announced that the hole in the ozone layer over the South Pole is now larger than Antarctica.
An asteroid or icy object collided with the gas giant Jupiter on Sept. 13, where it eventually blew up in the planet's thick atmosphere.
The quartet of newly minted citizen astronauts comprising the SpaceX Inspiration4 mission were due to splash down in the Atlantic off Florida on Saturday, completing a three-day flight of the first all-civilian crew ever launched into Earth orbit.
The quartet of newly minted citizen astronauts comprising the SpaceX Inspiration4 mission were due to splash down in the Atlantic off Florida on Saturday, completing a three-day flight of the first all-civilian crew ever launched into Earth orbit. To prepare for atmospheric re-entry and return to Earth, the SpaceX Crew Dragon vehicle completed two rocket "burns" on Friday to lower its altitude and line up the capsule's trajectory with the…
Amateur astronomers on two continents independently observed and recorded a white flash of light in the atmosphere on Jupiter’s Monday. Scientists and astronomers are working to see what a few stargazers on the two continents saw on Monday: a bright flash of Jupiter’s atmosphere probably affects the largest planet in our solar system. It was …
Pittsburgh Division of the National Weather Service says NASA will likely investigate residents’ reports
The Inspiration4 crew's zero-gravity plush is based on two real-life dogs: Puggle and Huckleberry, who help kids with cancer.
The hole in the ozone layer that reemerges with the changing of the seasons has now grown bigger than the size of Antarctica.
Four amateur spacefliers brought the world up to date on their activities — including charity fundraising and orbital Earth-gazing.
Scientists are investigating a possible exploding meteor over West Virginia Friday.
A remnant of an asteroid or comet just hit Jupiter, and it was seen by amateur and professional astronomers all around the world!
Something very unusual appears to have occurred around 10:30 a. m. Friday morning in northeast West Virginia. Around that time, an eyewitness in Sutton saw a very bright silver light pass across the sky. At the same, an eyewitness contacted Eyewitness News saying she was driving south from Pennsylvania into West Virginia and thought she saw a shooting star streak to the east across the sky.
Ingenuity has outlasted its planned mission, and now Mars is throwing some obstacles into its flight path.
The mission aims to raise $200 million while flying four diverse astronauts to orbit.
With 600,000 orders, SpaceX boosting dish production to (hopefully) meet demand.
This week, astronomers have solved one supernova mystery and predicted a new supernova appearance — for 2037.
"Parker's Star" is surrounded by the Pa30 nebula discovered in 2013.
If confirmed, it would be the eighth impact flash recorded on Jupiter since 1994.
Two web experiences will introduce you to world of the Perseverance rover.
You won't need to wait until fall to see this year's harvest moon. Here's when to expect it in the skies over Barnstable.
You won't need to wait until fall to see this year's harvest moon. Here's when to expect it in the skies over Braintree.
Three Chinese astronauts landed back on Earth Friday following their three-month trip to China’s first self-developed space station, marking China’s longest-ever space mission.
This is the moment that retired engineer Jose Luis Pereira captured footage of a piece of space rock the size of London clock tower Big Ben as it crashed into the planet Jupiter earlier this week. This is the first time anything of its kind has been recorded in Brazil and is something that Pereira […]
China aims to launch another taikonaut crew in October, keeping the nation on track finish its new space station by the end of 2022.
China aims to launch another taikonaut crew in October, keeping the nation on track finish its new space station by the end of 2022.
The two men have been duking it out on the social media platform all year.
Numerous reports came in all across the area this morning of a ‘boom’ and ground shaking. We are still working to learn more and this is a developing story.
Inspiration4 was supposed to make space seem accessible, but the silent treatment we’ve been given has made the final frontier seem more distant than ever.
The origins of the ancient supernova of A.D. 1181 remained a mystery for 840 years.
Despite the hole's size in 2021, the ozone layer is still on a long-term path to healing.
Tom Cruise got a sneak preview of what it’s like to circle Earth in a SpaceX capsule. Representatives for SpaceX’s first privately chartered flight revealed Friday that the actor took part in a call with the four space tourists orbiting more than 360 miles up. Last year, NASA confirmed it was in talks with Cruise about visiting the International Space Station for filming.
Tom Cruise is getting a sneak preview of what it's like to circle Earth in a SpaceX capsule.
The rotorcraft captures nuances of rocky outcrop during aerial reconnaissance.
Ancient humans could do some impressive things with elephant bones. In a new study, University of Colorado Boulder archaeologist Paola Villa and her colleagues surveyed... The post 400,000 Years Ago, Ancient Humans Turned Elephant Remains Into a Surprising Array of Bone Tools appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Do I have to drink eight glasses of water per day? Everyone knows humans need water and we can’t survive without it. We’ve all heard... The post How Much Water Should I Drink? We Asked Five Experts appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Scientists connect the dots between where planets form and what they’re made of. An international collaboration of scientists using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA)... The post Extensive Chemical Composition Mapping Reveals Carbon-Rich, Organic Birth Environments of Planets appeared first on SciTechDaily.
High number of affected animals were pups and juveniles, which were mainly entangled around the neck by fishing line. Fishing line and nets are having... The post Hundreds of Cape Fur Seals Entangled in Fishing Lines and Nets Every Year – Causing Horrific Injuries and Painful Deaths appeared first on SciTechDaily.
The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) congratulates the four astronomers honored by the Breakthrough Prize Foundation which awarded them the 2022 New Horizons in Physics... The post National Radio Astronomy Observatory Congratulates Winners of Breakthrough Prize Awards appeared first on SciTechDaily.
The key scientific advisory council of the Food and Drug Administration has voted to deny authorization of a “booster” shot of Pfizer’s mRNA vaccine to... The post FDA Panel Voted 16–2 To Deny Authorization of Pfizer’s COVID Vaccine “Booster” Shot to the General Public appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Elon Musk announced a humanoid robot designed to help with those repetitive, boring tasks people hate doing. Musk suggested it could run to the grocery... The post Orphan Risks: Elon Musk’s Tesla Bot Raises Serious Concerns – But Probably Not the Ones You Think appeared first on SciTechDaily.
The Human Cell Atlas is the world’s largest, growing single-cell reference atlas. It contains references of millions of cells across tissues, organs and developmental stages.... The post The Human Cell Atlas: AI Helps To Spot Single Diseased Cells appeared first on SciTechDaily.
A 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding the origins of a famous supernova first spotted over China in 1181AD has finally been solved, according to an international... The post Astronomers Solve 900-Year-Old Cosmic Mystery Surrounding Famous Chinese Supernova of 1181AD appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Skoltech researchers and their colleagues have synthesized a new conjugated polymer for organic electronics using two different chemical reactions and shown the impact of the... The post New Polymer Can Boost Solar Cell Performance appeared first on SciTechDaily.
NASA has selected five U.S. companies to help the agency enable a steady pace of crewed trips to the lunar surface under the agency’s Artemis... The post NASA Selects Five U.S. Companies – Including SpaceX and Blue Origin – for Artemis Lunar Lander Concepts appeared first on SciTechDaily.
A new chemical process developed by Empa turns cotton into a fire-resistant fabric, that nevertheless retains the skin-friendly properties of cotton. State-of-the-art flame retardant cotton... The post Fireproof and Comfortable Cotton: Protective Fabric Without Formaldehyde appeared first on SciTechDaily.
NASA will host a media teleconference Monday, September 20, at 4 p.m. EDT, to announce the lunar landing site for the agency’s Volatiles Investigating Polar... The post NASA to Announce Landing Site on Moon for Artemis Lunar Robotic Rover appeared first on SciTechDaily.
New technique delivers resolution improvement in ultrafast processes. An international consortium of scientists, initiated by Reinhard Kienberger, Professor of Laser and X-ray Physics at the... The post Pioneering and Highly Accurate Approach to Clocking Electron Movements Inside an Atom appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Could Earth-based microbes survive a trip to Mars? Yes! That’s why we made sure NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover met cleanliness requirements before leaving our home... The post We Asked a NASA Scientist: Could Microbes Survive a Trip to Mars? [Video] appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Scientific research has shown that sexuality exists on a spectrum. But how certain are people about where they fit on it? A new University of... The post Do You Think You’re Exclusively Straight? Influencing People’s Perceptions of Their Sexual Orientation appeared first on SciTechDaily.
A healthy plant-based diet was linked to a lower risk of getting COVID-19, and among people with COVID-19, a lower risk of experiencing severe symptoms.... The post What You Eat May Affect Risk and Severity of COVID-19 appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Using bats’ responses to SARS-CoV-2 may provide key insights into therapies for COVID-19. A paper published in the prestigious journal, Science Immunology, explores the idea that... The post How Do Bats Resist COVID? Insights Could Lead to New Treatments for Humans appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Some primate species may express grief over the death of their infant by carrying the corpse with them, sometimes for months, according to a new... The post Primate Mothers Sometimes Carry Their Dead Babies With Them for Months – Here’s Why appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Study suggests some medications might inhibit virus replication in human cells. Despite the development of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, effective therapeutics are needed until worldwide immunity has... The post Several FDA-Approved Drugs Could Be Repurposed To Treat People Infected With COVID-19 appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Coral reefs around the world are under threat because of climate change, overfishing, pollution, and more. Now, researchers reporting in the journal One Earth today (September... The post Coral Reef Cover, Biodiversity, and Fish Catches Have Declined by Half Since the 1950s appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Timelapse video made during ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet’s second mission to the International Space Station, “Alpha”. The camera is setup to take pictures at regular... The post Auroraspectacular: Timelapse Video Made by Astronaut on International Space Station appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Since the earliest times, human beings have wanted to explain the most unpredictable and disturbing phenomena in the universe. Although the study of astronomy has... The post Primordial Black Holes the Size of an Atom: What New Experimental Evidence Suggests appeared first on SciTechDaily.
In the midst of another brutal fire season, several of California’s natural treasures have also been threatened. In the midst of another brutal fire season that has... The post Fire Encroaching on Giant Sequoias – California’s Natural Treasures Threatened appeared first on SciTechDaily.
Climate change is not only a human problem; animals have to adapt to it as well. Some 'warm-blooded' animals are shapeshifting and getting larger beaks, legs, and ears to better regulate their body temperatures as the planet gets hotter.
Extremely premature infants are at a high risk for brain damage. Researchers have now found possible targets for the early treatment of such damage outside the brain: Bacteria in the gut of premature infants may play a key role. The research team found that the overgrowth of the gastrointestinal tract with the bacterium Klebsiella is associated with an increased presence of certain immune cells and the development of neurological damage…
A simple mechanism could underlie the growth and self-replication of protocells -- putative ancestors of modern living cells -- suggests a new study. Protocells are vesicles bounded by a membrane bilayer and are potentially similar to the first unicellular common ancestor (FUCA). On the basis of relatively simple mathematical principles, the proposed model suggests that the main force driving protocell growth and reproduction is the temperature difference that occurs between…
Scientists have studied an ancient supervolcano in Indonesia and found such volcanoes remain active and hazardous for thousands of years after a super-eruption, prompting the need for a rethink of how these potentially catastrophic events are predicted.
As we live and breathe, ancient-looking fish known as bowfin are guarding genetic secrets that that can help unravel humanity's evolutionary history and better understand its health.
Researchers combined observations and modeling to infer the distribution of cold planets in the Milky Way. The results suggest that this distribution is not strongly dependent on the distance from the galactic center. Cold planets seem to be present throughout our galaxy, even in the galactic bulge, where their existence was uncertain. The findings could improve our understanding of both planetary formation and its history in the Milky Way.
In an effort to understand how the internal state of the body influences the brain's decision-making processes, scientists analyzed the data from a previous study pre-clinical study. They found that two of the brain's decision-making centers contain neurons that may exclusively monitor the body's internal dynamics. Furthermore, a heightened state of arousal appeared to rewire one of the centers by turning some decision-making neurons into internal state monitors.
What transpires in comedies and cartoons when a character has a devil on one shoulder and an angel on the other is not far off from people's perceptions of the real world, finds a new study.
Animals as small and soft as tardigrades seldom have legs and almost never bother walking. But a new study finds that water bears propel themselves through sediment and soil on eight stubby legs, in a manner resembling that of insects 500,000 times their size.
Researchers have discovered a universal mathematical formula that can describe any bird's egg existing in nature -- a significant step in understanding not only the egg shape itself, but also how and why it evolved, thus making widespread biological and technological applications possible.
Cutting 20 percent of sugar from packaged foods and 40 percent from beverages could prevent 2.48 million cardiovascular disease events (such as strokes, heart attacks, cardiac arrests), 490,000 cardiovascular deaths, and 750,000 diabetes cases in the U.S. over the lifetime of the adult population, according to a new study.
A new analysis of 2.5-billion-year-old rocks from Australia finds that volcanic eruptions may have stimulated population surges of marine microorganisms, creating the first puffs of oxygen into the atmosphere. This would change existing stories of Earth's early atmosphere, which assumed that most changes in the early atmosphere were controlled by geologic or chemical processes.
A human space mission would be viable if it doesn't exceed four years, an international research team concludes in new research.
A new class of exoplanet very different to our own, but which could support life, has been identified by astronomers, which could greatly accelerate the search for life outside our Solar System.
Researchers have found that blood flow in the brain capillaries, which is important for oxygen/nutrient delivery and waste removal, was increased during rapid eye movement sleep in mice. Adenosine A2a receptors might be at least partially responsible for this increased blood flow. These findings bring new hope for understanding the function of sleep and developing treatments for neurodegenerative diseases that involve the buildup of waste products in the brain, such…
There's been an age-old question going back to Darwin's time about the relationships among the world's five living rhinoceros species. One reason answers have been hard to come by is that most rhinos went extinct before the Pleistocene. Now, researchers have helped to fill the gaps in the rhino evolutionary family tree by analyzing genomes of all five living species together with the genomes of three ancient and extinct species.
At certain sites in the Grand Canyon, more than one billion years' worth of rocks have gone missing from the geologic record. Scientists are trying to figure out why.
Scientists have unraveled the enigma of inheritance of coat color patterns in dogs. The researchers discovered that a genetic variant responsible for a very light coat in dogs and wolves originated more than two million years ago in a now extinct relative of the modern wolf.
A new kind of neural interface system that coordinates the activity of hundreds of tiny brain sensors could one day deepen understanding of the brain and lead to new medical therapies.
A new study has uncovered the engineering secrets behind what makes fish fins so strong yet flexible. The research could one day lead to new designs for robotic surgical tools or even airplane wings that change their shape with the push of a button.
Global warming begets more, extreme warming, new paleoclimate study finds. Researchers observe a 'warming bias' over the past 66 million years that may return if ice sheets disappear.
Scientists are observing changes in the Earth's climate in every region and across the whole climate system, according to the latest IPCC Report. Many of the changes observed in the climate are unprecedented in thousands, if not hundreds of thousands of years, and some of the changes already set in motion -- such as continued sea level rise -- are irreversible over hundreds to thousands of years.
A major Atlantic ocean current -- the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, or AMOC -- may have been losing stability in the course of the last century, according to new research. A potential collapse of this ocean current system could have severe consequences.
Eating a plant-centered diet during young adulthood is associated with a lower risk of heart disease in middle age, according to a long-term study with about 30 years of follow-up. A separate study with about 15 years of follow-up found that eating more plant-based foods that have been shown to lower cholesterol, called the 'Portfolio Diet', is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.
New research has revealed the solution to Jupiter's 'energy crisis', which has puzzled astronomers for decades. Astronomers have created a detailed global map of the gas giant's upper atmosphere, confirming that Jupiter's powerful aurorae are responsible for delivering planet-wide heating.
Scientists have discovered evidence that giraffes are a highly socially complex species.
Astronomers have uncovered evidence of water vapor in the atmosphere of Jupiter's moon Ganymede. This water vapor forms when ice from the moon's surface sublimates -- that is, turns from solid to gas. Astronomers re-examined Hubble observations from the last two decades to find this evidence of water vapor.
Researchers have discovered that spontaneous impulses of dopamine, the neurological messenger known as the brain's 'feel good' chemical, occur in the brain of mice. The study found that mice can willfully manipulate these random dopamine pulses for reward.
Researchers have recently identified a DNA region known as VNTR2-1 that appears to drive the activity of the telomerase gene, which has been shown to prevent aging in certain types of cells. Knowing how the telomerase gene is regulated and activated and why it is only active in certain cell types could someday be the key to understanding how humans age and how to stop the spread of cancer.
Researchers have been able to use seismic data to look inside Mars for the first time. They measured the crust, mantle and core and narrowed down their composition.
As a newborn mammal opens its eyes for the first time, it can already make visual sense of the world around it. But how does this happen before they have experienced sight?
Scientists have shown that cockatoos can learn from each other a unique skill -- lifting garbage bin lids to gather food. The research confirms that cockatoos spread this novel behavior through social learning.
Scientists have successfully reversed age-related memory loss in mice and say their discovery could lead to the development of treatments to prevent memory loss in people as they age.
Scientists who study glacier ice have found viruses nearly 15,000 years old in two ice samples taken from the Tibetan Plateau in China. Most of those viruses, which survived because they had remained frozen, are unlike any viruses that have been cataloged to date.
Researchers have found a low-cost way to solve one half of the water-splitting equation to produce hydrogen as clean energy -- using sunlight to efficiently split off oxygen molecules from water. The finding represents a step forward toward greater adoption of hydrogen as a key part of our energy infrastructure.
New models of neutron stars show that their tallest mountains may be only fractions of millimeters high, due to the huge gravity on the ultra-dense objects.
Investigating how climate affects intense rainstorms across Europe, climate experts have shown there will be a significant future increase in the occurrence of slow-moving intense rainstorms. The scientists estimate that these slow-moving storms may be 14 times more frequent across land by the end of the century. It is these slow-moving storms that have the potential for very high precipitation accumulations, with devastating impacts, as we saw in Germany and…
Researchers have successfully developed a 'speech neuroprosthesis' that has enabled a man with severe paralysis to communicate in sentences, translating signals from his brain to the vocal tract directly into words that appear as text on a screen.
A decade after scientists discovered that lab rats will rescue a fellow rat in distress, but not a rat they consider an outsider, new research pinpoints the brain regions that drive rats to prioritize their nearest and dearest in times of crisis. It also suggests humans may share the same neural bias.
A team of physicists has developed a special type of quantum computer known as a programmable quantum simulator capable of operating with 256 quantum bits, or 'qubits.'
Researchers discovered that most bacteria in the gut microbiome are heritable after looking at more than 16,000 gut microbiome profiles collected over 14 years from a long-studied population of baboons in Kenya's Amboseli National Park. The team also found that several of the microbiome traits heritable in baboons are also heritable in humans.
The ability to focus on where we will be in the near future, rather than where we are at present, may be a key characteristic of the mammalian brain's built-in navigation system, suggests a new study. The researchers wirelessly tracked the brain activity of flying Egyptian fruit bats, finding that neural activity in the bats' hippocampuses more strongly represented future locations than current locations.
Scientists map the part of the brain that 'links' similar objects, leading to new insights about how the brain processes information out of context.
New research shows radioactive molecules are sensitive to subtle nuclear phenomena. The molecules might help physicists probe violation of the most fundamental symmetries of nature, including why the universe contains relatively little antimatter.
A study concludes that known geochemical processes can't explain the levels of methane measured by the Cassini spacecraft on Saturn's icy moon. While the paper by no means suggests that life exists on Enceladus, the results would be consistent with microbial activity similar to that known to occur at hydrothermal vents in Earth's oceans.
Flies have discriminating taste. Like a gourmet perusing a menu, they spend much of their time seeking sweet nutritious calories and avoiding bitter, potentially toxic food. But what happens in their brains when they make these food choices? Researchers discovered an interesting way to find out. They tricked them.
Neuroscientists have demonstrated in new research that dopamine plays a key role in how songbirds learn complex new sounds.
A new study disputes the prevailing hypothesis on why Mercury has a big core relative to its mantle. For decades, scientists argued that hit-and-run collisions blew away much of Mercury's rocky mantle and left the big, dense, metal core inside. But new research reveals that collisions are not to blame -- instead, the density, mass and iron content of a rocky planet's core is influenced by its distance from the…
In COVID-19 patients whose symptoms were mild, researchers found that they were more likely than sicker patients to have signs of prior infection by similar, less virulent coronaviruses.
Current rates of plastic emissions globally may trigger effects that we will not be able to reverse, argues a new study. According to the authors, plastic pollution is a global threat, and actions to drastically reduce emissions of plastic to the environment are 'the rational policy response.'
A new species of the extinct genus Vishnuonyx has been identified from the 11.4-million-year-old lower jaw found at the Upper Miocene site of Hammerschmiede in the Allgäu region of Germany. Vishnuonyx is an extinct genus of mid-sized otters (10-15 kg) that lived between 14 and 12.5 million years ago in the major rivers of Southern
Paleontologists in China have identified a new species of pengornithid enantiornithine bird with a pair of elaborate tail feathers. Enantiornithes are the most successful group of Mesozoic birds, arguably representing the first global avian radiation. They are known exclusively from the Cretaceous period, predominantly from fossils discovered in Asia, and commonly resolved as the sister
The intermediate-mass black hole in question was caught in the act of swallowing a star, called a tidal disruption event. Dubbed 3XMM J215022.4-055108, the event occured in a star cluster associated with a lenticular galaxy at distance of almost 800 million light-years away. “The fact that we were able to catch this intermediate-mass black hole
Paleontologists have discovered tracks and trackways of newborns, calves and juveniles attributed to straight-tusked elephants (Palaeoloxodon antiquus) at the Upper Pleistocene site in Huelva, Spain. The straight-tusked elephant is a species of giant elephant that lived between 1.5 million and 100,000 years ago. This animal with very wide heads and extremely long tusks is among
Until now, it has been unclear what created gamma-rays that appear in patches of seemingly ‘empty sky.’ “It’s a significant milestone to finally discover the origins of this gamma-ray emission, solving a mystery of the Universe astronomers have been trying to decipher since the 1960s,” said Dr. Matt Roth, an astronomer in the Research School
Using high-resolution images from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, planetary scientists have discovered 4-billion-year-old layered deposits containing minerals consistent with altered volcanic ash throughout a region of northern Mars called Arabia Terra. They estimate that the volcanic ash observed in this region is the result of between 1,000 and 2,000 individual explosive eruptions over 500 million
Some unexplained results from the XENON1T dark-matter detector — a 1,300-kg vat of super-pure liquid xenon shielded from cosmic rays in a cryostat submerged in water deep 1.5 km beneath the Gran Sasso mountains of Italy — may have been caused by dark energy particles produced in a region of the Sun with strong magnetic
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found thousands of dense gas clumps but, surprisingly, no star formation, in a circumnuclear disk around Sagittarius A*, the 4-million-solar-mass black hole at the center of our Milky Way Galaxy. Every large galaxy has a central supermassive black hole that dominates and is fed by nearby
A new species of large-sized penguin being named Kairuku waewaeroa has been identified from the fossilized bones found in Kawhia Harbour on the North Island of New Zealand. Kairuku waewaeroa roamed Earth during the Oligocene epoch, between 27 and 35 million years ago. “The penguin is similar to the Kairuku giant penguins first described from
Entomologists have described a new species in the window fly genus Scenopinus from Finland. Window flies are members of Scenopinidae, a small family of primitive flies belonging to the superfamily Asiloidea. They have a cosmopolitan distribution, with more than 420 described species in 25 genera. The greatest diversity is in the arid regions of the
When two substances are brought together, they will eventually settle into a steady state called the thermodynamic equilibrium. In new research, a team of physicists at Aalto University wanted to disrupt this state to see what happens; they subjected combinations of oils with different dielectric constants and conductivities to an electric field. “When we turn
A series of previously unreported hand and foot impressions from the Tibetan Plateau dates to between 169,000 and 226,000 years ago (middle Pleistocene period) and may be the oldest work of art. “The question is: What does this mean? How do we interpret these prints? They’re clearly not accidentally placed,” said co-author Dr. Thomas Urban,
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have mapped out 18 organic and inorganic molecules in protoplanetary disks around five young stars: IM Lup, GM Aur, AS 209, HD 163296, and MWC 480. The new ALMA maps reveal that the chemicals in protoplanetary disks are not located uniformly throughout each disk; instead, each disk
According to a new study in mice, a probable cause of Alzheimer’s disease is the leakage from blood into the brain of fat-carrying particles transporting toxic proteins. “We identified the probable ‘blood-to-brain pathway’ that can lead to Alzheimer’s disease, the most prevalent form of dementia globally,” said study’s senior author Professor John Mamo, director of
About 66 million years ago, a massive asteroid crashed into Earth near the site of the small town of Chicxulub in what is now Mexico. The impact eradicated roughly 75% of the animal and plant species on Earth, including whole groups like non-avian dinosaurs and ammonites. New research from the Universities of Bath, Bristol, and
Impact bombardment has played a significant role in the evolution of the Earth-Moon system. However, it is suggested from different perspectives, including impact crater dating, asteroid dynamics, lunar samples, impact basin-forming simulations, and lunar evolution modeling, that the Moon could be missing evidence of its earliest cratering record. New research shows that many ancient impact
Using spectral data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), the Chandra Source Catalog 2.0, and the Chandra COSMOS Legacy survey, astronomers have found that X-ray and ultraviolet luminosities of quasars are so tightly correlated that these objects can be used as new ‘standard candles’ to help determine cosmic distances and probe other fundamental cosmological
A new genus and species of palaeoscolecid worm has been identified from two specimens found in the Burgess Shale-type deposits in Utah, the United States. Palaeoscolecida is a group of extinct ecdysozoan worms that existed from the Ealy Cambrian to the Late Silurian period. These ancient creatures were narrow and long, up to tens of
A new community-dwelling study from Sweden suggests that the lunar cycle affects sleep in humans, with more pronounced sleep alterations in men than women. “Both the new and full moons represent significant turning points during the lunar cycle,” said lead author Dr. Christian Benedict, a researcher in the Department of Neuroscience at Uppsala University, and
A new study published in the journal Scientific Reports provides empirical evidence for deliberate self-care tooling in a species of bird. “Most reports of tooling in birds revolve around foraging,” said study lead author Amalia Bastos, a Ph.D. candidate in the School of Psychology at the University of Auckland, and colleagues from the University of
Novel face recognition datasets boost the performance of trained models; however, at the same time, they place a
Recently, lots of commonsense reasoning datasets have been created. However, existing benchmarks are often composed of data from
Skin cancer is a treatable condition and immunotherapies can be very effective. But even our novel medicine can
Animals are usually very protective of their own species. However, cannibalism is not uncommon behaviour in nature. For
Muscle mass and strength declines with age, leading to sarcopenia and contributing to frailty. Many distinct mechanisms are
Peptides could be primed to solve the knotty problem of antibiotic resistance among humans. Rice University scientists believe they can
The experience of a fruit fly dying from cancer may seem worlds away from that of a human
Current smartphones use an asymmetric-cameras system consisting of multiple fixed-focal lenses. The most common configuration has dual cameras
Electric cars are very much like computers. They are so dependent on software that you pretty much need
DNA defects are linked to cancer and may be primary reasons for aging. However, scientists argue that protein
Here is something you don’t hear every day – climate change may force Arctic predators to eat more
A 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding the origins of a famous supernova first spotted over China in 1181AD has
New property in an ultrathin cousin of graphene could allow for much denser computer memory. Ultrathin materials made
A specially designed lipid nanoparticle could deliver immune-signaling molecules into liver macrophage cells to overcome resistance to anti-tumor
Analyzing observations of an X-ray flare and fitting the data with theoretical models, UArizona astronomers documented a fatal
Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have developed a new, versatile antidote to counteract exposure to nerve agent poisoning.
Scientists found evidence that a region of northern Mars called Arabia Terra experienced thousands of “super eruptions,” the
Two interactive web experiences let you explore the Martian surface, as seen by cameras aboard the rover and